Wood carving art originated in China during the Neolithic period. More than 7,000 years ago, the Mudu culture in Yuyao, Zhejiang Province, has seen the emergence of wood carving fish. The wood carving techniques of the Qin and Han dynasties tend to mature, and the painting and sculpture techniques are exquisite and perfect. The appearance of Shi Cai wood carving marks that the ancient wood carving process has reached a very high level.
The Tang Dynasty was a period of great brilliance in Chinese craftsmanship, and the wood carving process was becoming more and more perfect. Many of the wooden statues preserved so far are masterpieces of ancient Chinese art. They have the characteristics of concise shapes, smooth knife skills, and clear and bright lines. They have become the "darling" of the art market at home and abroad. The theme of wood carvings in the Ming and Qing Dynasties was often seen as life customs and myths. Wood carvings such as Ji Qingduo, Wu Gufengdeng, Long Feng Chengxiang, Ping An Ruyi, and Songheyan were popular with the society at that time.
The types of wood carvings are numerous and complex. After hundreds of years of development, the major schools have formed their own unique craft styles. They are known throughout the country. Dongyang wood carvings were born in Dongyang, Zhejiang Province in the Song Dynasty. They are good at carving, beautiful patterns, and exquisite structures. During the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, more than 400 craftsmen were called into the capital to repair the palace in the Dongyang area known as the "hometown of carved flowers"; Huangyangmudiao has become one of the Chinese folk wood carving crafts since the middle of the Qing Dynasty, and is famous for carving small boxwood wood furnishings. Guangdong gold lacquer wood carving originated in the Tang Dynasty. It was carved with camphor wood and then painted with gold. It was brilliant and had a strong artistic effect.